Routine Rabbit Care

A pet rabbit will require routine care including feeding, the provision of fresh water, grooming, cage cleaning, health checks and annual vaccinations.

A pet rabbit requires daily care to ensure that its welfare needs are met and proper care will go a long way to ensuring that the rabbit remains happy and healthy.


A rabbit will require feeding in the morning and evening. The rabbit should have a plentiful supply of hay or grass at all times and this should form the bulk of the rabbit's diet. This can be supplemented with a ready mixed together with fruit and vegetables or herbs, plants and flowers.


A rabbit should always have fresh water available and it will be necessary to refresh the water in the water bottle each day. A rabbit should never be without access to water and during hot summer months a rabbit will drink more than on colder days. With rabbits kept outside, water can become frozen during the colder winter months and insulating the bottle can help to prevent this, but it is important to check water is still being served through the spout as often water in the metal spout may be frozen.

Cage Cleaning

Any uneaten fruit and vegetables or herbs, plants and flowers should be removed daily so that they are not left to rot in the rabbit's cage or hutch. The rabbit's cage or hutch should be cleaned weekly by removing the rabbit from the cage and throwing away the old woodshavings, hay and food. A check should be made for any damage to the cage or hutch that could potentally harm the rabbit and fixed if any hazard is found. Fresh woodshavings, hay and food should then be placed in the cage or hutch before returning the rabbit to its home.


It is important to care for the rabbit's coat and short haired rabbits require grooming once a week and long haired rabbits need daily grooming and rabbits will require more frequent grooming during shedding periods. A rabbit's nails also need trimming regularly to prevent them becoming too long and uncomfortable.

Health Checks

When cleaning the cage the rabbit should be checked over for any signs of illness. This is an ideal time to check that the droppings in the cage look normal: soft droppings could indicate diarrhoea, lack of droppings could indicate constipation. An important aspect of rabbit care is to ensure that the rabbit is provided with prompt veterinary treatment if it becomes ill to avoid any unnecessary suffering.


As part of their routine care, pet rabbits should be vaccinated once 6 weeks old against Viral Haemorrhagic Disease (VHD) and Myxomatosis and thereafter annually.