Border Terrier

The Border Terrier is small, rough coated terrier that originates from the border between England and Scotland.  Read more about the Border Terrier in our breed profile.

History Of The Border Terrier

The Border Terrier is a breed that originates from the rough hilly areas around the border of England and Scotland.  Its exact ancestors are unknown although it is thought to have been developed from ancient British hounds and terriers including the Reedwater and Coquetdale Terriers  that were bred by farmers and shepherds of the area to help contain the local fox population.  The Border Terrier has long been used a pack hound for hunting foxes either accompanying hunters on horseback or on foot and used to flush out foxes from underground.  The Border Terrier is generally considered one of the oldest dog breeds having been known since around 1880 but was not recognised as a breed by the Kennel Club until 1920 and in the same year the The Border Terrier Club was formed.

Characteristics Of The Border Terrier

The head of the Border Terrier is moderately broad with a short square muzzle, fairly large eyes, and small V-shaped ears. The body is compact with a level back. The legs are long and low set and the tail is sturdy, set high and carried upwards.  Border Terriers exist in a range of colours including red, wheaten, grizzle and tan, and blue and tan.  They have a harsh, dense outer coat with a soft undercoat for warmth.

Height Of The Border Terrier

The Border Terrier stands 13 to 16 inches from the ground to the top of the shoulder.

Temperament Of The Border Terrier

The Border Terrier is alert, affectionate, cheerful, bold, intelligent, loyal and friendly but can also be wilful and independent. Border Terriers have great stamina and determination.  Border Terriers have a strong desire to hunt and dig - making them very good escape artists.

Requirements Of The Border Terrier

The Border Terrier requires firm handling.  Obedience training and socialisation is best carried out early. Border Terriers are active dogs with high energy levels and should be exercised every day.  They should not be left alone for too long as when bored they can become noisy and destructive. Any garden fencing should be adequate enough to prevent escapes from digging underneath or jumping over.  The coat of the Border Terrier does not grow continuously but the rough coat does shed which can be minimised with regular grooming.  The coat will require stripping twice a year.  Border Terriers require regular ear cleaning.

Health Of The Border Terrier

Border Terriers are a relatively healthy breed although Canine Epileptoid Cramping Syndrome (CECS), which is similar to canine epilepsy, is the most significant hereditary canine disease found in Border Terriers.

Lifespan of the Border Terrier

The lifespan of the Border Terrier is 13 to 15 years.