Although grass or hay will provide the rabbit with a good basic diet, rabbits should also be fed a handful of vegetables, fruit or herbs, plants and flowers each day.
If the rabbit has not previously been fed vegetables and fruit in their diet then they should be introduced to their diet gradually and any new vegetable or fruit that the rabbit has not tried before should be introduced one at a time.
Fruits and some vegetables such as carrots are high in sugar and should only be fed in small quantities as an occasional treat, whereas dark leafy vegetables should form the bulk of the rabbit's fresh food diet. Vegetables form an essential part of a rabbit's diet and provide a variety of nutrients and moisture and should be alternated to give some variety.
If too much vegetables or fruit is fed, or the rabbit dislikes any vegetable or fruit and leaves them uneaten in the cage they should removed the following day to avoid any vegetables or fruit being left in the cage to rot.
Any vegetable or fruit should be washed before being fed to the rabbit to ensure the removal of any pesticides, chemicals, etc.
Although there are many vegetables and fruits that are safe for rabbits to eat, there are a few vegetables and fruits that are not safe to feed to rabbits so it is important to check before feeding any vegetable or fruit that it will not harm your rabbit.
Vegetables and herbs that are safe to feed a rabbit are:
- Artichoke leaves
- Brussel sprouts (leaves and sprouts)
- Carrots and carrot tops
- Cauliflower (leaves and stalks)
- Chicory greens
- Curly Kale
- Green beans
- Peas (including pod and leaves)
- Peppers (red, green and yellow)
- Raddish tops
- Red leaf lettuce
- Red cabbage
- Romaine Lettuce
- Savoy Cabbage
- Turnip Greens
Fruits that are safe to feed a rabbit are:
- Apple (seedless)
- Orange (peeled)
- Tomato (not the leaves)
Vegetables and herbs that are NOT safe to feed rabbits are:
- Iceburg lettuce
- Potato and potato tops
Fruits that are NOT safe to feed rabbits are:
- Apple seeds
- Rhubarb and rhubarb leaves
- Tomato leaves